Massachusetts Vascular Plants
About. Copyright Notice and Acknowledgements

The flora of Massachusetts embraces more than three thousand species of vascular plants including non-natives. Taxonomy in this view largely follows Massachusetts County Checklist of 2011. As of today, the gallery contains 36,001 photos of 2,071 taxa (species, subspecies, varieties, and hybrids). Taxa flagged exotic and cultivated are excluded from the count, thus leaving 2,000 species from the flora of Massachusetts shown on this page. However, this filtering is not applied to thumbnail views. In other words, links to particular genera and families may lead to pages that include exotic or cultivated taxa, for example, those previously erroneously included in the flora (such as exotic European willows Salix pentandra or S. aurita).

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Lycophytes — Clubmosses, Quillworts, Spikemosses (16 species, 209 images)

Huperziaceae   1 species  
Isoetaceae   3 species  
Lycopodiaceae   10 species  
Selaginellaceae   2 species  

Monilophytes — Ferns and Horsetails (50 species, 1,120 images) *

Aspleniaceae   3 species  
Azollaceae   1 species  
Blechnaceae   2 species  
Dennstaedtiaceae   3 species  
Dryopteridaceae   8 species  
Equisetaceae   6 species  
Marsileaceae   1 species  
Onocleaceae   2 species  
Ophioglossaceae   4 species  
Osmundaceae   3 species  
Polypodiaceae   2 species  
Pteridaceae   1 species  
Schizaeaceae   1 species  
Thelypteridaceae   5 species  
Woodsiaceae   8 species  

Gymnosperms — Conifers (32 species, 957 images)

Cupressaceae   7 species  
Pinaceae   22 species  
Taxaceae   3 species  

Monocots (505 species, 7,538 images)

Acoraceae   2 species  
Agavaceae   1 species  
Alismataceae   8 species  
Alliaceae   8 species  
Amaryllidaceae   10 species  
Araceae   13 species  
Asparagaceae   4 species  
Colchicaceae   2 species  
Commelinaceae   4 species  
Cyperaceae   159 species  
Eriocaulaceae   2 species  
Haemodoraceae   1 species  
Hemerocallidaceae   2 species  
Hostaceae   2 species  
Hyacinthaceae   7 species  
Hydrocharitaceae   6 species  
Hypoxidaceae   1 species  
Iridaceae   16 species  
Juncaceae   22 species  
Juncaginaceae   1 species  
Liliaceae   11 species  
Melanthiaceae   8 species  
Nartheciaceae   1 species  
Orchidaceae   18 species  
Poaceae   158 species  
Pontederiaceae   2 species  
Potamogetonaceae   12 species  
Ruppiaceae   1 species  
Ruscaceae   8 species  
Scheuchzeriaceae   1 species  
Smilacaceae   3 species  
Typhaceae   6 species  
Xyridaceae   4 species  
Zosteraceae   1 species  

Magnoliid Complex — Primitive Dicots (23 species, 487 images)

Aristolochiaceae   7 species  
Calycanthaceae   1 species  
Ceratophyllaceae   2 species  
Lauraceae   2 species  
Magnoliaceae   6 species  
Nymphaeaceae   5 species  

Eudicots (Tricolpates) — Advanced Dicots (1,445 species, 25,690 images) *

Actinidiaceae   1 species  
Adoxaceae   17 species  
Aizoaceae   1 species  
Altingiaceae   1 species  
Amaranthaceae   35 species  
Anacardiaceae   10 species  
Annonaceae   1 species  
Apiaceae   32 species  
Apocynaceae   18 species  
Aquifoliaceae   8 species  
Araliaceae   10 species  
Asteraceae   203 species  
Balsaminaceae   1 species  
Berberidaceae   7 species  
Betulaceae   20 species  
Bignoniaceae   4 species  
Boraginaceae   13 species  
Brassicaceae   54 species  
Buxaceae   3 species  
Cactaceae   1 species  
Campanulaceae   12 species  
Cannabaceae   4 species  
Caprifoliaceae   19 species  
Caryophyllaceae   40 species  
Celastraceae   8 species  
Cercidiphyllaceae   1 species  
Cistaceae   12 species  
Clethraceae   1 species  
Convolvulaceae   10 species  
Cornaceae   12 species  
Crassulaceae   10 species  
Cucurbitaceae   4 species  
Diapensiaceae   2 species  
Droseraceae   4 species  
Elaeagnaceae   2 species  
Elatinaceae   1 species  
Ericaceae   54 species  
Euphorbiaceae   8 species  
Fabaceae   75 species  
Fagaceae   21 species  
Gentianaceae   8 species  
Geraniaceae   7 species  
Grossulariaceae   6 species  
Haloragaceae   6 species